‘Mirentxu’, Guridi, at the Teatro de la Zarzuela 52 years later

The days 22 Y 24 of November They can be considered Historic for him Teatro de la Zarzuela. At that time the public will hear (in concert), Y for the first time in Basque In this theater, one of the most unknown works of Jesus Guridi: the lyrical idyll in two acts ‘Mirentxu’. And it will be after 52 years of silence in this scenario, only where it has been heard complete in Two occasions along its 163 years of history, the last one in 1967. Again theater the Plazuela de Jovellanos meets one of its essential tasks such as the preservation, study, Recovery Y divulgation of our operatic heritage. The Colisseum, after starting the season with The village ', and culminates its particular tribute to one of our most brilliant musicians.

Libretto by Jesus Maria de Arozamena Y Alfredo Echave, of 'Sandy', the words of the expert musicóloga Maria Nagore Ferrer, "It is indisputable beauty, which explains the popularity of some numbers as the prelude to the first act or the beautiful and lyrical aria end ". A) Yes, Nagore Ferrer stresses that " compositional mastery Guridi It is set to the service of a poetic text that is treated with flexibility, simplicity and orchestral palette rich and elaborate but wrapped in soft hues”.

The various 'Mirentxus'

'Mirentxu' premiered at the Theater des Champs Elysees in Bilbao 1910, and since that first occasion he suffered constant changes. Nagore Ferrer speaks even "Six or seven 'Mirentxus' different', even to become opera, thus adding to the parties dialogued music. In this format was presented at its premiere in Barcelona 1913, but Guridi was not at all satisfied, convinced, despite the rave reviews, that the public did not understand the work precisely because that format opera. So, two years later, in 1915, presents in Madrid, at the Teatro de la Zarzuela, but in its original version.

A new adaptation of 'Mirentxu' It premiered at the Arriaga Theater in Bilbao 1934, Guridi commissioning recast the libretto to his usual collaborators Federico Romero Y Guillermo Fernández-Shaw. For this new version, the composer It reinstrumentó whole score; modified some numbers and added new ones, trying not to undermine the work.

In 1947, the composer asked writer Jesus Maria de Arozamena a new review of the work. Arozamena departed version 1934, also using elements of the original libretto by Echave, Y He wrote two versions, in Castilian and Basque. This last and final 'Mirentxu' was released by the Company Lyrical Theater Donostiarra at the Grand Kursaal in San Sebastian precisely 24 November 1947, receiving Ruperto Chapi National Theater Award. Y It is this "final" version that can be heard these days in the Teatro de la Zarzuela in Madrid.

Although they have not been able to find documented evidence that the work was presented as an opera beyond its premiere in Barcelona, remains always the same question: Is 'Mirentxu' an opera or an operetta? Nagore Ferrer responds: "As rightly says Ramon Lazkano in his introduction to the critical edition published by the Complutense Institute of Musical Sciences in 2009, the imprecision of the work did not stop Guridi pose problems for more than thirty years of gestation of the definitive work: It is a work "halfway between a singspiel and éuscara zarzuela, or a verismo drama and a pastoral scene».”

The double date in La Zarzuela

In the double date with 'Mirentxu' at the Teatro de la Zarzuela, the podium will be assumed by Oliver Diaz, who must face the master orchestrator Guridi; to its inspiration in creating melodies or the detailed architecture vocal of the work. To address all these are demands, It will feature a balanced distribution voices outstandingly suitable to the requirements of the composer.

the soprano Ainhoa ​​Arteta will play the role of Mirentxu, Manu the miller's daughter, and premium Raymond, living with them and who is in love unsuccessfully. The role of Raimundo, love to turn Presen, Mirentxu friend, I assume the tenor Mikeldi Atxalandabaso. Bass-baritone Christopher Robertson It will act as a Txanton, the old man who cares for children whose older sister is presented in the house next door to the mill where they live Manu, Mirentxu and Raimundo. Presen's role will be played by mezzo-soprano Marifé Nogales. Meanwhile, baritone Jose Manuel Diaz Manu will play. All of them will also join the baritone solo Mario Villoria, component of Holder Choir Teatro de la Zarzuela, and children Patricia Valverde Y Azahara Bedmar, members of the White Voices Choir Sinan Kay.

The story of 'Mirentxu' this time is recreated by renowned playwright Borja Ortiz Gondra and will be the actor Carlos Hipolito who among the musical numbers go unfolding succession of events which lead to the final tragedy.

The Community of Madrid Orchestra, Titular del Teatro, and the Holder Choir Teatro de la Zarzuela, completes the artistic picture of this historic recovery will have a milestone: recording and subsequent broadcast of the work by Classical Radio RTVE. The critical importance of this record is that to date there are no recordings valid 'Mirentxu'.

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