The next 2 November at 19.00 hours will take place Gala 20th Anniversary of the Reopening of the Royal Theater in which he interpreted, in concert, to Favorites, from Gaetano Donizetti, whose second function, open to the public, will be the 6 November at 20 hours.
this opera, chosen to inaugurate the Teatro Real 19 November 1850, coinciding with the name day of Queen Elizabeth II, He will return to its stage for two festive functions linking the celebration of the 20 years of renewed Teatro Real at the beginning of its checkered history, that began 200 years, under the reign of Fernando VII.
The commemorative Gala will feature the presence of personalities from the institutional level, cultural, business and social of our country, among which is expected to attend the Ministers of Education, Culture and Sports; Foreign Affairs and Cooperation; Defending; and Justice; President of the Congress of Deputies, President of the Constitutional Court and the ambassadors of Belgium, Canada, Colombia, Japan Italy, Mexico, United Kingdom, Russia and China, among others.
Also attended by senior representatives of cultural and artistic institutions such as the Museo del Prado, Reina Sofia Museum, National Heritage, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Circle of Fine Arts or the Abbey Theater, and personalities linked to the Royal Theater as Elena Revoredo, Durão Barroso, Carlos Salinas, Mario Vargas Llosa, or Pablo Heras-Casado; former ministers of Culture Carmen Calvo, Pilar del Castillo and José Ignacio Wert, and directors of the Royal Theater along these 20 years. Likewise, estarán representantes de las tres más importantes asociaciones internacionales de teatros líricos -Ópera Europa, Opera Opera America and Latin America- as well as representatives of the Gran Teatre Liceu in Barcelona, Palau des Arts de Valencia, Teatro de la Maestranza y ABAO, among others.
The Spanish theme
In artistic creation attached to Romanticism, the 'exoticism Spanish' was a rich source of literary inspiration, dramaturgical and pictorial, he drank especially its medieval history, the exploits of the prolific discoveries and the Golden Age, attached to the juicy chronicles writers and travelers decimonónicos.
In this context, are countless operas based on characters or stories that Spain imaginary, from Le nozze di Figaro a Carmen , currently in scene-, highlighting Gaetano Donizetti (1797-1848), that in his extensive catalog 63 It includes titles 11 scores of Spanish subject, ranging from Zoraida di Granata Y The Gypsy, both of 1822, until to Favorites (1840), Maria Padilla (1841), Dom Sébastien, roi de Portugal (1843), or unfinished Alva.
The Favorite It is inspired by the illicit relationship that kept throughout his life rey Alfonso XI of Castile with Leonor de Guzmán, who gave him nine children outside their official marriage with Mary Queen of Portugal, causing the discomfort of the curia and the nobility of the time and, Finally, execution.
Opera elapses in the kingdom of Castile, with monks and nobles Sevillian Santiago, pilgrims and slaves blackberries, but the unfortunate love story of the protagonists is completely away from the historical verisimilitude and is built to articulate several previous scores, creating an ideal environment for the expression of extreme feelings that allow great divas of the time playing with virtuosity the beautiful melodies of Donizetti context.
¿The favourite O to Favorites?
The original score, written with a huge rush commissioned by the Paris Opera, It premiered on 12 December 1840 under the title to Favorites a French libretto. In a few months the composer had transformed an earlier unpublished work, L'Ange de Niside, adding other parts of his operas, along with new staves, a great and quick assembly intended to voices and character of the famous singers gathered in the French capital for the interpretation of the score.
After his Paris Opera debut began an acclaimed tour of European theaters, assuming different titles and translations, with modifications imposed by the idiosyncrasies of each place: censorship, whims of the singers, public taste, etc. A) Yes, Opera made landfall in Padua as Leonora in Guzman, in Milan as The favourite, o en Viena como Richard and Mathilde, llevando a todos los teatros el drama de la ‘amante oficial’ de Alfonso XI, It is incorporating all the ingredients of romantic taste: two lovers men and betrayed by the same woman she did profess passionate and contradictory feelings that trigger the death of the protagonist, prey to his condition courtesan ...
A Madrid reached the Italian version, The favourite, which had been imposed on the original French, first Teatro del Circo, in 1843, and later the Royal Theater, by desire for mezzo-soprano Marietta Alboni, the great diva who headed the fantastic poster of her opening night, chaired by Queen Elizabeth II.
The favourite gradually he reemerged in European theaters in the second half of the twentieth century, with revised editions, both Italian and French, They are trying to clean the score of additives and adulterations outside the composition of Donizetti, outcropping its careful and sober orchestration and long sentences melodismo, crystallizing in the operas of Verdi. In this spirit the Royal Theater will offer the original French version, to Favorites, as it has done in 12 Functions of the season 2002-2003.
The beauty of his music, ideal for showcasing great voices, Real returns to bring the renowned singers in this type of repertoire, as the American mezzo Jamie Barton (Leonor De Guzmán), debuting at Real, the tenor Javier Camarena (Fernand) ─ which will return after their performances aclamadísimas The Daughter of the Regiment e I puritani─ el barítono Simone Piazzola (Alphonse XI) and low Simon Orfila (Balthasar), que estarán secundados por la soprano Marina Monzó (Agnes) and tenors Antonio Lozano (Don Gaspar) Y Alejandro Del Cerro (A Sir).
Daniel Oren, who led Real The Pearl Fishers, Georges Bizet, in 2013, starring Juan Diego Flórez and Patricia Ciofi, Fly to take charge of the Headlines Choir and Orchestra of the Teatro Real.
Functions to Favorites of the days 2 Y 6 November will join the 288 previous representations of this opera, as a symbolic tribute to the past and present of the Royal Theater, who has managed to overcome the vicissitudes of history, now enjoying a huge and promising vitality.
‘LA FAVORITE’ | PARALLEL ACTIVITIES
31 October, to 19.00 hours | Teatro Real, sala Gayarre
Discussion around The favourite
Miguel Angel Quesada with Ladero, Feliciano Barrios Pintado and Jaime de Salazar y Acha
Collaboration with the Real Academia de la Historia
3 of November, to 18.00 hours | National Archaeological Museum
Guided tour: Christian kingdoms of the Middle Ages at the National Archaeological Museum
4 of November, to 16.30 hours | Naval museum
Visita-taller al Museo Naval para niños de 8 a 12 years.
5 of November, to 11.30 and to the 12.30 hours | Naval museum
Cuenta-cuentos en el Museo Naval
6 of November, to 19.00 hours | Naval museum, Assembly Hall of the Headquarters of the Navy
Conference: Alfonso XI's favorite: Gibraltar, Trastámara y Almirantes de Castilla. By Mariano Juan and Ferragut
Date to be announced | Spanish Film Library
Film Series: Teatro Real: Opera night