Brand an opera in one of the great operatic temples 192 years after it was written, must be justified. In the case of Il Pirata is a very important, the difficulty in interpreting main roles makes this work almost impossible. These vocal demands are caused his absence during decades of the repertoire and the big stage. As well the teacher says Benini, "It all depends on having good singers with. A good tenor, a good soprano and baritone good "final .In, and despite the success with which premiered, first to La Scala in Milan, in 1827 and subsequently in Naples, Bologna, Trieste, Vienna, Dresden, Lisboa, Barcelona, Cádiz (in 1834), NY, Mexico and Madrid (in 1830 at the Teatro de la Cruz), Il Pirata suffer the same fate so many romantic operas of the time were absent from the stage since the second half of the nineteenth century, until the fifties of the twentieth century. It is at this time when it appears in 1958 figure with Callas, which updates the main character in Imogene, Il Pirata placing again in the repertoire. It was subsequently Montserrat Caballe who, assuming the difficulty of the role, He incorporated it into his repertoire bringing it to the main theaters of the mundo.Un little history
Il Pirata catapulted a young Bellini always attentive to the trends and influences coming, especially, from Germany. Your search for a new musical language and its taste for innovation, make Il Pirata is positioned halfway between the classic tragedy, the Age of Enlightenment, and romance and music more symphonic, who came from the hand of Schubert and Beethoven.Esta transition from classicism to romanticism is also noted in his libretto, escrito por Felice Romani, based on the work of Justin Severin Taylor, Bertram, or Pirate. Romani had great admiration for the Italian poets of the eighteenth century, but it is now at the romanticism that at that time already wrapped Europa.Pero, Il Pirata why so rarely it represented?
Javier Camarena and Celso Albelo, two tenors who play Walter in this new production of Teatro Real, say: "I prefer to chant a Puritani morning and afternoon, before singing Il Pirata ".There Keep in mind that these operas were written for certain singers, with a specific vocalism and under certain performance conditions, small theaters and orchestras components and very tight sound volume. At that time the singers were accustomed to sing in falsetone. Natural tessitura of the tenor of the time led them to sing in falsetto everything that was found above the natural or Bb. Today's falsetto is not regarded as broadcast mode. The theaters are larger and, let alone the orquestas.Bellini wrote a score for tenor of great vocal and dramatic demands. I wanted a tenor who dominate the treble and bass records at the same time as the fiato and legato. Also he wanted to be a virtuoso declamation and phrasing. All this accompanied, to the same as in the role of Imogene, Agilita of inherited Rossini and thus achieve greater expression in a work with so much excess sentimentalismo.Para carry out all these demands reflected in the score, Bellini resorted to which was then the most acclaimed tenor, Giovanni Battista Rubini, to which he demanded two types of singing, the virtuous and the contraltino Tenore acute and baritenore, with powerful bass, but equally virtuous. Walter was born with the myth of the cold tenor.Escenografía, not ugly
Romantic bel canto is considered by many stage directors one of the most difficult genres lead to a scenario. They think that romantic bel canto operas have no clear dramaturgy within the plot of the play. Emilio Sagi is not one of these directors. The fact that the argument is not fully closed offers many scenic possibilities. The result is elegant and a great visual strength, with many elements trademark, like chairs or moon. The scenery of Daniel Bianco is cold, to highlight the enormous scenic passions experienced by the characters and mirrors grandre to enhance the elements and get a multiplier effect. The stage becomes a big box fully closed, almost smothering, but greatly facilitates the work of the singers. They are always kept in proscenium, allowing better projection without forcing the instrument demasido.
Different scenarios are not defined or give clues to where the events unfold. The black and reflexes dominate a deliberately gothic scene, as is the genre of the work in which this opera is based. Impeccable costumes by Pepa Ojanguren, lighting Albert Faura and projections Yann-Loic Lambert help to plunge into the atmosphere full dramatic intensity Gothic novel.
There have been three deals that have gone to the scene of the Real. If it is difficult to find one good, Imagine three. Undoubtedly the main attraction was represented the participation of Javier Camarena and Sonya Yoncheva in the first division, and they did not disappoint a devoted audience and thanked the end of each performance.
He also received his award for the effort that Celso Albelo, although a escaloncito below Camarena, He gave a remarkable interpretation of Walter.
In another step below it can be placed on the young Russian tenor Dmitry Korchak, they tried hard and did the role. Together with the Korchak, and Ernesto de Simone Piazzila (you must already have home in Madrid). His stage presence was not important in this occasion accompanied all the qualities of his voice, rang resounding, but dull.
Yolanda Auyanet was the most applauded of the night. The truth is that the work started back and nearly brought forward by herself. Although it has lost some smoothness of his voice, perhaps due to changing repertoire it is underway, It maintains its generous volume and sufficient fiato, something to keep in mind a demanding role.
Another thing was the participation of María Miró Barcelona, despite all give prominence to the role of Imogene, He wore his superb dramatic soprano voice, fluently unfolding on stage.
If there is a knowledgeable director of this repertoire, this is definitely Maurizio Benini. Its effectiveness to the front of the orchestra of the Teatro Real Titular was sufficiently demonstrated in "Il Trovatore" a few months ago in this same theater. Impregnates his address italianismo, essential in this type of work. Steady and smooth pulse accompanying the interpreters and the chorus, Outstanding once again, from the early stages.
Special mention deserves the participation of an unknown Marin Yonchev, in the role of Itulbo. It is not understood very well that doing there, until you find out who is the brother of Sonya Yoncheva, do not tell me more!
A good premiere of Il Pirata at the Royal Theater, even if it had to wait 192 years. It's never too late, especially this time.
Vincenzo Bellini (1801-1835)
Libreto of Felice Romani, based on the work Bertram, or Pirate (1822) Justin Severin Taylor, translated into French by Charles Maturin
Premiere at the Royal Theater in co-production with the Teatro alla Scala in Milan
D. musical: Maurizio Benini
D. scene: Emilio Sagi
Scenographer: Daniel Bianco
Costume designer: Pepa Ojanguren
Lighting: Albert Faura
Video: Yann-Loïc Lambert
D. choir: Andrés Máspero
Distribution: Dmitry Korchak, Yolanda Auyandet, Simone Piazzola, María Miró, Felipe BPU, Marin Yonchev
Headlines Choir and Orchestra of the Teatro Real
Text: Paloma Sana
Photograph: Javier del Real
Videos: Teatro Real